The permanent members of the Security Council are Russia, the USA, Great Britain, France and China. Earlier, David Arakhamia, the head of the Ukrainian delegation at the talks with Russia, also named these five countries as potential guarantors
Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council can become security guarantors for Ukraine, the director of the second Department of the CIS of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia Alexey Polishchuk.
“It is assumed that the basis of the institute of guarantor states may be the “five” permanent members of the UN Security Council. Other options are not excluded, so the exact list has not yet been determined, — Polishchuk said.
Russia, the United States, Great Britain, France and China are permanent members of the UN Security Council.
Polishchuk noted that the issue of providing Kiev with security guarantees from other states is being considered at Russian-Ukrainian negotiations along with questions of the neutral status of Ukraine, “providing for its demilitarization and denazification.”
At the talks in Istanbul on March 29, Ukraine said it expected to receive security guarantees under the new system “so as not to repeat the mistakes of the Budapest Memorandum.” This 1994 document guaranteed Ukraine's security in exchange for its nuclear-free status.
The head of the Kyiv delegation, David Arakhamia, then said that Ukraine insists on concluding an “international treaty that will be signed and ratified by all guarantors,” which, as Arakhamia specified, could be permanent members of the UN Security Council, Turkey, Germany, Italy, Israel, Poland and Canada.
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Some of these countries have already expressed their readiness to assume the role of guarantors— in particular, this was stated by Germany, Italy, France, Great Britain. Turkey indicated that it cannot yet become a guarantor, as it does not understand what Kyiv wants to receive. The United States has also refused to give guarantees to Kiev.
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