Denmark for 30 years has refused to participate in discussions on joining the defense policy of the EU. In early March, the Prime Minister announced an agreement on a referendum among the country's leading parliamentary parties .jpg” alt=”Most Danes voted to join EU defense policy” />
Two-thirds of Danish citizens voted in a referendum to join the EU defense policy (CSDP), the country's electoral commission announced after a count of 100 % of votes. According to the results, “for” 66.9% voted, «against»— 33.1%.
At the end of the vote, Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen said she was “happy and proud.” “We have made the right decision for ourselves and for the continent we are part of. This is a strong signal to our allies, — she said.
Frederiksen also noted that this is the biggest victory for the European Union in the 50 years that Denmark has been a member of the EU.
The decision to hold a referendum was announced by the prime minister in early March, when the five leading parliamentary parties agreed to change the country's security policy and presented an agreement called the National Compromise on Danish Security Policy. In addition to the need to hold a referendum on the country's participation in EU security policy, it contains provisions such as bringing defense spending to 2% of GDP (now it is 1.44%), urgent defense investment of $ 1 billion and “permitting” on the budget deficit, which will arise as a result of increased military spending.
“The world has changed in the last ten days. There was Europe until February 24 (the start date of the Russian special operation in Ukraine.— RBC). And there is another— after»,— Frederiksen said then.
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Denmark— the only member of the European Union that does not participate in the Common Defense and Security Policy (CSDP) and has held this position for 30 years, since the founding of the EU. The reason the country remained autonomous in security matters is that the citizens of Denmark rejected the Maastricht Treaty establishing the EU in a referendum. It was ratified only in 1993, after reaching an agreement that the kingdom retains independence in four areas: currency, citizenship (now this paragraph has lost its relevance), justice, as well as internal affairs and defense.
The Danish authorities have already twice tried to change the situation with the help of referendums, but in 2000 the Danes refused to join the eurozone, and in 2015— from changes in the judiciary.
In March, the European Union for the first time approved a defense strategy called the “Strategic Compass”. The EU countries have decided to create a 5,000-strong rapid reaction force that will be ready to respond to “different types of crises.” EU High Representative for Foreign Policy Josep Borrell then announced the need for European countries to be able to speak the language of force.
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