Finance Minister Siluanov: Russia needs to adopt a technological security doctrine The Finance Minister also called on the authorities to support the production of high-tech products by providing the necessary demand and cheap loans v6_top_pics/media/img/3/99/756553622504993.jpg” alt=”Siluanov called for the adoption of a technological security doctrine in Russia” />
Russia needs to adopt a technological security doctrine similar to food security. Finance Minister Anton Siluanov said this at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF).
“We now need our own, as we used to have a new economic policy, a new industrial policy, based not only on our own strength <…> It's like we have a doctrine of food security, so we need a doctrine of technological security, — he said (quote from RIA Novosti).
According to him, at present, the authorities especially need to support the high-tech industries, as well as ensure the demand for products. At the same time, he urged not to forget about budgetary stability and noted that “it is necessary to make decisions on reconfiguring the budget very carefully.”
There are several security doctrines and strategies in Russia. Among them: the economic security strategy for the period up to 2030, signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin in May 2017; national security strategy, approved by the president in December 2015, as well as the environmental security strategy for the period up to 2025, adopted in April 2017.
In addition, the country has adopted the doctrine of information security and the doctrine of food security. The latter was updated by presidential decree in January 2020. Unlike the 2010 version of the doctrine, the document involves a change in the methodology for calculating food security. In particular, instead of the proportion of domestic products in consumption, it is based on measuring the degree of Russia's self-sufficiency in products at the expense of domestic production. Thus, to ensure the food security of the country, at least 95% of the consumed grain, 90% of sugar, 85% of meat and meat products, 95% of potatoes should be produced inside Russia.
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After the start of the military operation in Ukraine, Western and Asian countries imposed sanctions against Russia. In particular, the United States announced restrictions on high-tech exports, due to which processor manufacturers stopped supplying them to Russia. The restriction affected, among other things, the Baikal, Elbrus processors developed in Russia; and others, which were produced at the Taiwanese TSMC factory using American technology. US sanctions did not affect consumer appliances and electronics, but many foreign companies independently suspended or completely stopped the supply of their products to Russia, including Apple, Samsung, Dell, etc. The EU, in turn, imposed restrictions on the supply of electronic goods for home use more expensive than €750, as well as electronic devices for recording video and sound costing more than €1 thousand. Several large software developers, including SAP, Oracle, etc., also left the Russian market.
In early June Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin instructed to create industrial centers of competence for import substitution in key sectors of the economy. He also invited the government commission to consider proposals to replace industry and system-wide foreign solutions with Russian software products and software and hardware systems.
In turn, Dmitry Peskov, Special Representative of the President of Russia for Digital and Technological Development, proposed a strategy of “technological islands”, by which he means the achievement of full technological sovereignty. For this, according to him, it is necessary to work out the “green” agenda, create your own techno-economic block, an export package of agricultural products, a new generation of transport logistics corridors between Russia and Asian countries, etc.